What Are The 7 Main Parts Of An Essay?

Essay writing is a highly engaging activity that gauges a student’s creativity, analytical skills, and organization. Moreover, effective essay writing improves effective communication between writers and readers.

The first step in writing a stellar essay is understanding the unique components that make up an essay. Different essays feature distinct formats. However, there is a distinct structure for writing any essay.

Basic essays such as argumentative, cause and effect, narrative, comparative, and persuasive feature five main parts. As a writer, you must capture the essence of your content divided into these five main parts.

This article explores these unique sections while revealing what each section should contain. Learn more about these parts below.



The first section of essay writing starts with an introduction. The opening statement acts as the main foundation of the essay. It is a preemption of what the whole essay is talking about.

It mainly begins with an opening statement that creatively states the full content of the essay. Always aim to attract and captivate the reader’s attention at this introductory phase.

A good way to start your essay could be using a thought-provoking question, an infamous quote, or an interesting anecdote.

Below is a look at a salient feature of an introduction:

  • Hook

A hook aims at capturing the curiosity of a reader toward your essay. Ideally, recommends using an eye-catching and powerful statement to capture the reader’s attention. This calls for having prior knowledge about your intended audience.

  • Background Information

The next step in maintaining your reader’s attention is providing background context for the essay. Reveal the pertinent claims and arguments to be covered in the rest of the essay to keep your audience conversant with the relevant issues.

  • Thesis Statement

A thesis statement serves as a synopsis of the main arguments of your essay. It acts as a rundown for your readers to understand your stance on the subject matter. Aim to provide concise information to showcase your standpoint and how you attempt to convince your readers.



The second part of your essay is the body. The body is broadly divided into three main parts including:

  • Arguments
  • Counterarguments
  • Rebuttal

This section analyzes evidence backed with relevant research to support claims and arguments. Organize your central arguments while backing them with relevant statistical facts, evidence, or examples.

Ensure each paragraph focuses on a single argument. Moreover, it should smoothly transition into the next claim or argument. Your target audience should experience a logical flow of ideas that are cohesive.

For example, you are writing an essay about legalizing marijuana for medicinal and recreational use. The thesis statement can state the inherent benefits of marijuana for medicinal and recreational use.

Afterward, provide solid arguments that support the use of marijuana with scholarly articles and journals. Moreover, include peer-reviewed publications and books as sources of evidence.

Below are critical parts of your argument section:

  • Main Claims

This is your opportunity to convince your audience and profoundly impact their standpoints. Moreover, it aims to convince your audience to validate your personal viewpoint backed with evidence.

  • Evidence

This section provided statistics, data, and facts discovered after thorough research on the subject matter. The rule of thumb relies solely on scholarly sources to present evidence that backs claims. Some approved scholarly sources include:

  • Journals
  • Literature reviews
  • Monitoring and evaluating data
  • Books



Good writers, for example, who work for buy cheap essay services, consider opposing views or thoughts in their essays. Moreover, the writer creates time to address counter-claims and addresses them head-on.

Ideally, it is unprofessional for writers only to consider their standpoints while avoiding divergent views. Two options are available to writers: either acknowledge them or refute their stances.



After mentioning counterarguments, it is time to defend your position with finesse and vigor. Use your knowledge and research skills to address opposing viewpoints convincingly.

The preferred technique for writing a rebuttal is pointing out knowledge gaps in opposing standpoints. Moreover, include supporting evidence, logical reasoning, and expert opinions to support your claims.

A good rebuttal showcases your critical thinking skills. Moreover, it shows your capability to establish credibility through persuasion.

Revision and editing 


These are crucial steps in the essay writing proces. They involve reviewing, refining, and improving the content and structure of your work. These stages are essential to ensure that your writing communicates your ideas effectively and presents them in a clear and polished manner. Revision is the process of re-examining and rethinking your essay’s content, organization, and argumentation. It allows you to assess the overall coherence and logical flow of your ideas. During revision, you should critically analyze your thesis statement and supporting evidence, ensuring that they align with your intended message. 

Editing focuses on refining the technical aspects of your written piece. It involves checking for grammar, spelling, punctuation, and sentence structure errors. Editing also ensures consistency in style, tone, and formatting throughout your work. Paying attention to these details enhances the readability and professionalism of your essay. Additionally, editing involves evaluating the clarity and conciseness of your writing, eliminating unnecessary repetition or wordiness. 

Citations and References 


Citations give credit to the original authors or sources from which you gathered information, ideas, or quotes. They lend credibility to your arguments by showing that they are supported by existing scholarship. Additionally, citations allow readers to locate and verify the sources themselves, facilitating further research or fact-checking.

References, also known as a bibliography or works cited page, provide a comprehensive list of all the sources cited in your writing. They allow readers to explore the referenced works in more depth and provide a foundation for further academic discourse. References also highlight the breadth and depth of your research, showing that you have consulted a range of authoritative sources.

When incorporating citations and references, it is crucial to follow a specific citation style, such as MLA, APA, or Chicago. Each style has its own rules and formatting guidelines for citing various sources, such as books, articles, websites, and more. Consistency in formatting and adherence to the chosen style are essential for clarity and professionalism.


You must end your essay with the parting shots. Take the opportunity to address your audience and make your claims known. Start by restating your thesis statement and supporting evidence based on concrete research. Ensure your readers get a lingering sense of insight by reflecting on the broader implications of your essay.